I don't think they'll follow him because he had Force powers, but I do think the clones would follow him. Palpatine knew the way of the Sith: even if he did plan to rule for as long as he could, he could see Anakin would reach levels he could only dream of.
Δgain, why would Palpatine make it easier for someone to kill him and get away with it? He has no reason to care for the Sith legacy any longer; he's already had his revenge and destroyed the Jedi Order.
"There is something going on in time and space, and beyond time and space, which, whether we like it or not, spells duty." -Winston Churchill
"For of all sad words of tongue or pen, The saddest are these: 'It might have been!'" -John Whittier
"Apathy is death." -Kreia